Our skin is made up of collagen. It forms the foundation of our skin and holds the skin cells tight together giving it a firm look and a smooth texture. Levels of collagen decide if our skin will look young or wrinkly. Younger people have enough collagen in their skin whereas old age people have less of collagen which makes their skin wrinkly and saggy.
Since collagen gives our skin tightness and suppleness, when it is broken down due to aging stress or other environmental factors our skin becomes dry, scaly and starts getting fine lines and wrinkles. Using peptide on skin repairs this damage and protects our skin.
What are peptides?
Peptides are a kind of proteins made up of short chain amino acids. Because of the shorter chain they are able to penetrate the skin. These peptides manage the functions of our cells. It signals the skin to produce more collagen hence maintains the soft and supple texture of our skin.
With increasing age the collagen from our body breaks down destroys resulting in thinning of the skin which is easily susceptible to wrinkles. If a good peptide is applied topically to the skin it signals the collagen to increase the formation of new collagen thus making our skin fresh, younger looking and smooth.
What are different types of peptides?
There are different types of Peptides but the most useful in skin care are Palmitoyl Oligopeptide, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide, Plamitoyl Pentapeptide (Metrixyl), Copper Peptides and Neuropeptides.
Palmitoyl Oligopeptide is known for stimulating the production of collagen and help bind connective tissues giving them a definite structure. Thus it helps maintain smoother and firmer skin.
Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide is actively used in many anti aging creams as it works by reducing the inflammatory response in the skin. It also helps reduce the damage caused to skin by exposure to pollution, ultraviolet light and other factors that are known to stress the skin.
Palmitoyl Pentapeptide is commonly known as metrixyl. It is a solution specially designed to reduce wrinkles and smooth the skin. It is found in most of the skin care creams and cosmetics. It stimulates the lower layers of the skin and promotes the regeneration of collagen and Hyaluronic acid.
Copper peptide is peptide attached with copper. Copper is known for its skin healing properties and has been extensively used for healing wounds. It promotes the production of collagen and other antioxidants which enhance the skin healing process. It helps regeneration of skin and removes damaged collagen from skin surface.
Neuropeptides are a group of various molecules which act by affecting the neurotransmitters and hormones. It blocks the contraction of muscles resulting in smoother and firmer skin. It dramatically improves skin texture and reduces fine lines and wrinkles.
Most of these peptides functions as moisture binding agent and have a cell communicating property which help repair the skin itself. Thus one can say that in order to reduce the signs of aging, it’s important to incorporate quality products in our anti aging regime such as peptide creams and peptide serums which help encourage the skin to rebuild lost Collagen and helps skin to look smoother, firmer, and younger.
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